Types of Heat Pumps

Are you in the market for a new heating unit for your home? An extremely efficient heat pump could be precisely what you need. Most people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but modern heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also offer cooling in the summertime for year-round comfort from one system.

If we’ve sparked your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the many types of heat pumps before you choose what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a special type of HVAC system capable of both heating and cooling. In the summertime, they work much like an air conditioning unit, using electricity to eliminate heat from your home. But when the weather is cold, a reversing valve enables the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are known for their impressive efficiency. Because they convey heat rather than generate it from a fuel source, heat pumps can achieve more than 300% efficiency. This compares to a top mark of 98% efficiency for the most efficient available gas-fired furnaces. By buying a heat pump, you’re not just deciding on comfort; you’re going with a system known for sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Even though heat pumps have multiple subcategories, each system fits into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most popular type of heat pump. HVAC technicians find that setup is generally straightforward, and these systems perform very well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps make use of the ambient air as a channel for heat exchange. In other words, they extract heat from the outside air during the winter and take heat out of your home during the summertime.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is located close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump may be an efficient way to go. These systems leverage water as the means for heat exchange, supplying another efficiency boost. While less common than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water access, these are a worthwhile option for homeowners with the right environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you’re looking for the single most efficient climate control method available, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are worth considering. These systems tap into the earth’s stable underground temperature to provide consistent and incredibly efficient heating and cooling. The drawback to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and cost of installation, which often requires excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

As soon as you know what heat pump style you would like to install in your home, the next step is to choose the best subtype. Your options include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you reside in an area with extreme temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can offer the best of both worlds. These systems come in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps toggle between these different ways of transferring heat, adjusting to current weather conditions for the best efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces depend on the heat pump during mild weather. Then, when temperatures fall drastically, the gas-fired furnace starts up, cutting down on the use of energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Combining renewable energy with home heating and cooling is a terrific way to cut your energy bills and benefit the environment. Solar heat pumps work using power made by solar panels, the perfect setup for eco-conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have a few choices for installation of your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the regular setup for most of the homes that already have ductwork. The interior unit is usually installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the outside unit sits on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this type of installation, all mechanical elements are located in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is appropriate for homes or commercial buildings with limited indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also called mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions where ductwork isn’t present. Each and every room can have its own indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, providing targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact units are recommended for small spaces or to meet temporary needs. While less efficient than other choices, they provide quick and easy installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you’re ready to install a heat pump, turn to the certified team at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can expect a job well done every time. Our skilled technicians will make sure your heat pump system is customized to your needs, from installation to routine maintenance to occasional repairs.

Ready to indulge in home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!